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A healthy city, made by the government and the residents of Dobong-gu

  • Concept of Healthy Cities
  • Conditions for the City
  • History of the Healthy Cities Project
  • Our Charter

History of the Healthy Cities Project

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Based on the concept of health promotion stated in the 1978 Alma-Ata Declaration and the 1986 Ottawa Charter, the Healthy Cities project was initiated to develop local strategies and action that would effectively achieve "Health for All" and enable local governments to adopt the concept as a community agenda.

The Ottawa Charter was adopted at the first international conference for health promotion, which was held in Ottawa, Canada in 1986. The five action areas for health promotion specified in the Ottawa Charter are:

  • ① Building healthy public policies
  • ② Creating supportive environments
  • ③ Strengthening community action
  • ④ Developing personal skills
  • ⑤ Re-orientating health care services

In 1986, the Healthy Cities project was initiated in 30 cities in 16 countries in the WHO Regional Office for Europe and North America. In the Western Pacific region, Japan, Australia, and New Zealand joined this movement in the late 1980s. The Healthy Cities project was launched in 1991 by both advanced and developing countries in the World Health Assembly as a measure to resolve urban health problems. About 1000 cities around the world are collaborating for information exchange through networking by region, experience sharing, establishing an inter-city support system, developing new strategies, sharing ideas and results, and forming partnerships.

History of the Healthy Cities Project in Korea

1997

The Healthy Cities project was planned by Gwacheon City Health Center and Yonsei University Health Promotion Center as a part of the health promotion business focused on the health center.

Action areas

    • Publication of a pictorial
    • Smoking prevention program
    • Nutrition program
    • Maternal and women’s health program
    • Local health management information system
    • High blood pressure prevention and control
    • Physical actions and vacation program
  • In a strict sense, this is not a Healthy Cities project because it is limited to the health promotion business focused on the health center
2002

The Healthy Cities project started in earnest (the center of Changwon city in Gyeongnam, Seoul, Wonjoo city, Busanjin-gu, etc.)

2004

Korea joined as a founding member of the Alliance for Healthy Cities for networking among WHO Western Pacific Office Healthy Cities, and finally launched global information exchange and friendship.